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[Mega Post] Most valuable substances on the earth

The most expensive materials on earth tend to be valuable because of their rareness. Notwithstanding, a few materials have an inflated value because they are traded on black markets.
Right now, the list of the most costly materials on earth are dominated by rare earth substances i.e. platinum, valuable pearls, precious stones, illegal drugs and propelled materials that are perilous and difficult to produce. These substances share a consistent theme of being high in demand and low in supply. 

Number #20: Saffron :

Saffron is a kind of flower-plant. It has fantastic taste and great health benefits. It can be used in natural remedies for everything from depression to menstrual cycles. Saffron is too costly because its production process is highly time and effort consuming. About one hundred & fifty saffron flowers are needed to produce one gram of processed saffron.

Price Per Gram of Saffron : $11 (Rs. 709)

Number #19: White Truffles :

White Truffle is a seasonal mushroom with good sense of smell. It can be shaved over pasta, steak, eggs and rice, and infused in oil to sprinkle on almost anything.  Truffles are very expensive because it is very hard & costly to cultivate them. They only grow in a very specific kinds of soil and tree. Because they grow up inside tree roots. 

Price Per Gram of White Truffle: $18 (Rs. 1161)

Number #18: Palladium 

Palladium is a chemical element which symbol is Pd and atomic number is 46. It's a lustrous silvery-white solid metal. The price of Palladium depends on its rareness. 

Price Per Gram of Palladium : $26 (Rs. 1677)

Number #17: Iranian Beluga Caviar

Iranian Beluga Caviar are eggs of rare fish sturgeon. It's  also known as "almas". Iranian Beluga Caviar are eaten cold and in small bites as an appetizer and on unsalted crackers or bread. It breaks the Guinness Book of Records as the most expensive food in the world.

Price Per Gram of Iranian Beluga Caviar: $34 (Rs. 2193)

Number #16: King Cobra Venom 

We know that snake venom is expensive, but, King Cobra's venom is the most expensive venom in the world. This venom is being used to produce a painkiller that is 20 times more potent than morphine, and has no observable side effects. 

Price Per Gram of King Cobra's venom: $36 (Rs. 2322)

Number #15: Gold 

image credit

Gold is the most known precious metal in the world. And it's being used as ornaments from ancient age. It can also be used for electrical conductivity and resistance to corrosion. 

Price Per Gram of Gold : $40 (Rs. 2580)

Number #14: Rhodium

Rhodium is a silver white material which belongs to Platinium group. This metal is less dense and more resistant to heat than platinum while featuring excellent durability, hardness and reflectance. For this reason it also called as "White Gold". Rhodium is mostly used in three way catalytic converters to reduce a car's carbon emissions. 

 Price Per Gram of Rhodium: $42 (Rs. 2709)

Number #13: Platinum

Platinum is very similar to Rhodium. It is a rare and precious metal of a silvery steel color. Like gold, it’s highly resistant to acids, alkali, and other compounds. So, it's also called as "White Gold". Platinum is being used in jewelry, engines, chemical reactions, wiring, dentistry and electrodes. 

Price Per Gram of Platinum: $45 (Rs. 2902)

 

Number #12 Rhinoceros’s horn :


Rhinoceros’s horn is a illegal substance which is traded on black markets. There is rumor that Rhino Horn has magical power to cure cancer.  Traditional Chinese medicine also makes use of the Rhino Horn powder. So,  the horns are valuable basically for their medicinal properties.

Price Per Gram of Rhinoceros’s horn : $100 (Rs. 6450)

Number #11: Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is a highly-addictive drug which is illegal. This drug causes some serious health problems.  The drug’s ability to rapidly release dopamine in the brain causes side  effects such as violent behavior, psychosis, paranoia, anxiety, sleep  deprivation and intense mood swings.  

Price Per Gram of Methamphetamine: $120 (Rs. 7740)

Number #10: Heroin

Like Methamphetamine Heroin is also a highly-addictive drug which is 100% illegal. Heroin travels directly to the brain, transforms into morphine and seeks  opioid receptors responsible for breathing and other automatic  cognitive processes necessary for life. It's  the most addictive and destructive drugs in the world. 

Price Per Gram of Heroin : $130 (Rs. 8385)

Number #09: Cocaine

Cocaine is an incredibly addictive and expensive illegal drug. This white crystal powder is a fatally dangerous narcotic. This drug causes mental effects in which includes loss of contact with reality, an intense feeling of happiness, or agitation. 

Price Per Gram of Cocaine : $250 (Rs. 16125)

Number #08: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)

A psychoactive narcotic substance, and a very expensive delayed death. LSD formed in crystal. This expensive drug is known to cause hallucinations.  

Price Per Gram of LSD: $3000 (Rs. 193500)

Number #07: Plutonium

Plutonium is a nuclear substance which is derived from uranium. Its uses vary from production of nuclear weapons and fuel to a source of energy for spacecrafts.  

Price Per Gram of Plutonium  : $4000 (Rs. 258000)

Number #06: Painite

Painite is a rarest gem mineral. It's color is pinkish, reddish or brown. It was first discovered in Burma during the 1950s. Only a couple of hundreds Painite exists in the world. For this reason it's very expensive

Price Per Gram of Painite : $10000  (Rs. 645000) 

Number #05: Taaffeite

Taaffeite is a precious gem in violet, pink, red, or white color. It's an another incredibly rare gemstone. Although it's a million times rarer than diamonds but, it's not very popular as jewellery. So, it is cheaper than diamonds.

Price Per Gram of Taaffeite : $20000 (Rs. 1290000)
  

Number #04: Tritium

Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. This gas substance produces a glow. So, is used in self-luminating EXIT signs found in theaters, schools, and office buildings.

Price Per Gram of Tritium : $30000 (Rs. 1935000)

Number #03: Diamond

Diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon. It is the most famous precious & rarest gem stone on Earth. 

Price Per Gram of Diamond : $70000  (Rs. 4515000)

 

Number #02: Californium


Californium is a rare highly radioactive earth metal that doesn’t occur naturally on the planet. It's the most expensive chemical element ever. Californium can be used to start nuclear reactors and treat cancers. It is also used in metal (basically gold & platinum) detectors and moisture gauges for oil wells. 

Price Per Gram of Californium : $27000000 (Rs. 1741500000)

Number #01: Antimatter

Antimatter is a material composed of the antiparticle "partners" to the corresponding particles of ordinary matter. Antimatter is the most expensive substance on earth. In order to produce a very tiny amounts of antimatter it requires some of the most advanced technology available, such as CERN. Production of one milligram of Antimatter costs about $50 million. There is no current uses of Antimatter. But, we hope in the future we'll use antimatter as fuel of spacecrafts.

Price Per Gram of Antimatter : $100 Trillion (Rs. 6450 Trillion)



References :

Tags : Physics, Facts, Others, 

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